There’s a lot we don’t know about the unfolding scandal involving four San Diego politicians. One thing we do know is District Attorney Bonnie Dumanis’ relationship with those implicated goes back far and has continued into her current re-election campaign.

Dumanis told VOSD she’s met Susumo Azano, reportedly the unnamed Mexican national in the federal complaint who’s alleged to have bankrolled a scheme to illegally influence local elections, including Dumanis’ own failed mayoral bid. She also said she has met the two people the complaint actually names, Ernesto Encinas and Ravneet Singh.

Dumanis first met Encinas, she said, when he was working as a San Diego police officer, before he retired in 2009. They were involved in cases together, and she said she’s met with him time to time since then. She calls him “Ernie.”

Dumanis said she learned about the federal probe when news broke late Tuesday. She’s not accused of any wrongdoing.

“I didn’t know anything about the investigation until I read it today,” Dumanis said late Tuesday.

The complaint says that during Dumanis’ 2012 mayoral campaign, a wealthy Mexican national began illegally funding a political action committee supporting her candidacy. Encinas, the complaint says, worked as private security for the Mexican national, who has a home in Coronado.

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Azano is chairman of Grupo Azano, whose clients include private and public entities in Mexico for construction services. Another Azano company provides computer security services for border protection, cybersecurity and surveillance. In 2011, Sempra Energy accused him of being the driving force behind a shutdown of one of its plants north of Ensenada, Mexico.

According to the complaint filed Tuesday, Azano gave $100,000 to the newly created political action committee supporting Dumanis. But since he couldn’t do so legally (foreign nationals cannot contribute to U.S. elections), he instead funneled the money through a shell company based in America, the complaint alleges. Since the donation accounted for more than half the committee’s total bankroll, the shell company had to appear in the committee name, per election rules: “San Diegans for Bonnie Dumanis for Mayor 2012, Sponsored by Airsam N492RM, LLC.”

CityBeat’s Dave Maass questioned the legality of the PAC when it filed its paperwork, noting the shell company was tied to Azano, who couldn’t legally donate. Republican political consultant Kevin Spillane, who was managing the PAC’s fundraising, told Maass the donation was legit because Azano had a green card. He didn’t, according to the court filing.

Azano, Encinas and Spillane couldn’t be reached for comment.

In all, the illegally funded PAC spent $114,000 supporting Dumanis, according to the complaint.

But that wasn’t all Azano is alleged to have done to help Dumanis in spring 2012.

He also, according to the filing, sent emails to Singh, the CEO of a company called ElectionMall Inc., which provides social media services to political campaigns. Azano agreed to spend an additional $100,000 for Internet-based campaign services on Dumanis’ behalf. Azano made these off-the-books payments from his Mexican-based company to ElectionMall’s account. None of the spending was disclosed, as required by law.

“As a consequence, Singh, Encinas and others successfully concealed the fact that Foreign National (Azano) was the source of this significant, and illegal, campaign financing,” the complaint reads.

Later, in September 2013, the complaint alleges Encinas met with someone associated with Dumanis, about funding her campaign. The associate was working with the FBI as an informant.

Encinas was told Azano couldn’t contribute to Dumanis’ 2014 DA re-election campaign because he didn’t have a green card, but Encinas indicated he could launder the money through a third-party donor from San Diego who he had used to give money to other candidates, the filing says.

Dumanis’ connections with Singh and Encinas go beyond the complaint. Dumanis used Singh’s company for social media services for her current re-election bid for district attorney, according to a campaign disclosure.

Encinas, his family and colleagues at the private security firm he owns have contributed to various Dumanis campaigns.

Over the last couple years, they’ve given at least $9,400 to Dumanis’ mayoral and current district attorney bid, including $3,000 Encinas personally gave to Azano’s pro-Dumanis PAC. Some mayoral donations were later returned because they were earmarked for the general election and Dumanis didn’t make it out of the primary, Dumanis campaign consultant Jennifer Tierney said.

Dumanis has begun scrubbing references to Encinas from campaign materials.

She had listed him and his wife on her campaign page’s endorsement’s list before the scandal broke. Their names are no longer there.


Dumanis also returned Wednesday the $1,400 given by Encinas and his wife to her DA bid, Tierney said.

Dumanis can’t do anything about Encinas’ mayoral donations, Tierney said. Nor could Dumanis have been expected to have done anything about the pro-Dumanis PAC alleged to have started it all, Tierney said. Election rules don’t allow for any coordination between campaigns and PACs that support them.

“It’s not our campaign,” Tierney said. “In general, you just stay as far as you can from these independent expenditure committees.”

    This article relates to: Campaign Finance Scandal, Government, News, Share

    Written by Liam Dillon

    Liam Dillon is senior reporter and assistant editor for Voice of San Diego. He leads VOSD’s investigations and writes about how regular people interact with local government. What should he write about next? Please contact him directly at or 619.550.5663.

    Victor Torres
    Victor Torres subscribermember

    When the lawyer who is supposed to be watching the public's hen house amd protecting it from the foxes, herself becomes a candidate for chief fox, then these things are bound to happen. We should look for a candidate who pledges not to run for any higher office.
    This also contradicts the misleading statements she been making about one opponent, claiming that he has pledged to use $1 million of his own money to defeat her her. Look who she's taken money from!

    David Cohen
    David Cohen subscriber

    Someone stuck a "Dumanis for Mayor" bumper sticker--very professionally produced--on the outside of the window at a Hillcrest restaurant earlier this week. Any rumors?

    Pat Seaborg
    Pat Seaborg subscribermember

    I recall that during the last mayoral election, the 4 candidates were asked if they'd keep Lansdowne during one of the debates. I don't recall their answers and Google isn't helping. Anyone remember? It would be interesting to review that in light of recent developments.

    Jim Jones
    Jim Jones subscriber

    There is a reason some refer to her as "Dirty Dumanis". Even if you believe she wasn't knowingly criminal in this, how can we approve of this sort of bad judgement in a DA of all people.

    The worst part is that we won't look too closely at the next candidate either. SD has a long history of turning a blind eye.

    Sheryl Smith
    Sheryl Smith subscribermember

    "Later, in September 2013, the complaint alleges Encinas met with someone associated with Dumanis, about funding her campaign. The associate was working with the FBI as an informant."

    Seems to me that the unnamed Dumanis "associate" was working with the FBI to determine the veracity of the donation.

    If anything, if BD was even slightly aware of this, someone was working on the "good guy" side of the early investigation.

    And, once this surfaced, of course she distanced herself from Encinas et al. She either didn't know anything about it; hence the distancing, or, if she did (due to the "associate" involvement), she had no idea that it was fraudulent so she continued to list him as a contributor. Once it surfaced, THEN she removed him from the contributor list, like any candidate would.

    The story is still playing out, but cut either way, her distancing from these clowns doesn't mean she was complicit with the allegations.

    michele wood
    michele wood subscriber

    This is why I am always leery about any candidate, they're all so shady that they couldn't tell the truth if it was staring them in the face.