Mayor Kevin Faulconer’s actions have netted little in the way of prospects for new housing, let alone provided for the kind of supply increases that might affect affordability. His density bonus program, though, is hailed as a model for other cities.

Most cities define “mixed use” as a combination of residential and commercial development. Vista officials, thinking more about how to kickstart development downtown, allowed developers to decide how much residential or retail they would build, including none.