In 1961, George D. McKinney wanted to buy a home in Spring Valley. But when he tried to get a loan, he said, neighbors protested to McKinney’s bank. They didn’t want black neighbors. The bank caved, and denied the loan.
“That wouldn’t happen today,” said McKinney, a bishop who founded St. Stephen’s Cathedral Church of God in Christ in Valencia Park more than 50 years ago.
San Diego’s racist housing policies in the middle of last century forced blacks into the city’s southeastern neighborhoods. In turn, the area, which now is San Diego’s Fourth City Council District, became the seat of black political power in the region.