After San Diego’s first parklet opened in 2013, architect Christopher Bittner became the city’s go-to parklet guy.

“Right away we had about 20 people contact us and they all wanted one,” Bittner said, of the months after Caffé Calabria  in North Park unveiled the city’s first parklet. “But one by one they all eventually backed out.”

Parklets are sidewalk extensions that replace one or two parking spots with public patios with seating and amenities meant to make pedestrian experiences in crowded urban centers more pleasant.

They’ve exploded in popularity in cities across the globe, but San Diego has mostly missed the parklet party. The city’s built just two since it launched a parklet pilot program in 2013. San Francisco, meanwhile, has almost 60 parklets.

Bittner has a few theories about San Diego’s parklet problem. For one, their price – anywhere from $15,000 to $50,000, he said – chases off business owners who show interest. But he also said San Diego’s car-centric culture doesn’t help, and the city doesn’t make it easy to build them.

Last summer, the city announced it was taking what it learned during the two-year pilot program and releasing an official parklet permitting policy. It hoped this would make it easier for business owners to pursue them.

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The city insists on calling parklets “pedestrian plazas” due to what it says are liability concerns. Business owners pay for design and construction of the project plus around $3,000 in permitting fees, and carry $1 million in liability insurance. The business owner also needs approval of a majority of nearby property owners.

Cody Burkholder works at Moniker Group, an arts-focused investment company and design firm in East Village that hired local architect Rob Nelson to design a parklet for space outside its warehouse on 16th Street. Burkholder said Nelson had trouble navigating the city’s rules before he passed away last year.

“It was quite difficult,” Burkholder said. “The idea was for it to be a quick project, but nobody really understood all the potential setbacks and the going back and forth with the city.”

The city ultimately approved the project, and Burkholder thinks it could be finished by June.

Other parklets, like one planned for Super Cocina in City Heights and a few in Little Italy, have stalled but are still in the works. One proposed parklet in Golden Hill got shut down after nearby property owners wouldn’t consent to the lost parking spaces.

Elizabeth Studebaker, who works in the city’s economic development department and helped create the city’s parklet program, said the city will work kinks out as it builds more parklets.

“We didn’t have a ton of examples to work with since only two went through the pilot program,” she said.

Studebaker said the city looked at dozens of cities’ parklet policies to create its standards. She said the process is slow because every parklet is so different, with designs and street conditions that have to meet a series of accessibility and safety standards.

To reduce costs for businesses, she said, the city lumped parklets into its storefront improvement program, which pays half of costs up to $8,000.

Beryl Forman, who runs marketing at the El Cajon Boulevard Business Improvement Association, thinks the city needs to do more to promote the program. Forman helped get the city’s second parklet in front of Mama’s Bakery & Lebanese Deli in North Park built and said her experience with the city was painful.

“There was lots of back and forth with the planning department until they thought everything was perfect,” she said.

Forman said the city could emulate San Francisco’s Pavement to Park program, which speeds up the process by getting directly involved and working out technical problems.

“There’s this new wave of business owners in San Diego who are willing to invest in these type of opportunities,” she said. “But the city could have more of a user-friendly placemaking program where they were more behind it and investing in it.”

Bittner said he’s talked to folks who’ve built parklets in other cities and their experiences sound much smoother than his.

“San Diego is such a weird city,” he said. “For one thing, the fact that they have to call them pedestrian plazas and won’t call them parklets strikes me as odd. They’re parklets – just call them what they are. And in other places you see them all over the place, so how are the other cities doing them and why are we so far behind the curve?”

    This article relates to: Land Use, Must Reads, Permits

    Written by Kinsee Morlan

    Kinsee Morlan is the Engagement Editor at Voice of San Diego and author of the Culture Report. Contact her directly at Follow her on Facebook or Twitter. Subscribe to her podcast.

    Founder subscriber

    Parklets are yet another business expansion which benefits the adjacent business because they get more seating area, while the public gets less parking and less sidewalk!

    This is just yet another "land grab" of the public right of way like all the railings that have gone up outside businesses that allow them to develop our sidewalks into seating areas!

    William Charles
    William Charles

    Another stupid city solution to a problem that does not exists... why the heck would I want to sit in a ridiculous "parklet"... when there's no place to park? If I want to sit in a park I will go to a real park!

    Founder subscriber

    William — I wonder if the City gets to count these as new Park Space, since we are so far behind in providing even the minimum amount of park and open space for the number of people living here?

    Vi Lu
    Vi Lu

    I did the parklet thing in San Francisco in front of one of my regular coffee shops. The space was well used in the morning, but only because the inside of the coffee shop had four tables, and the partner bagel shop next door had no seating, it was take away only. That is the only time I have seen it successful. Even then, early in the morning it was nice, but by mid-day not so much, it was a ghost town. The mechanics of it is both its lure and curse. You are sitting literally in the street, the noise from the traffic and the heat from the sun baring down on you is just miserable. I mean, think about how hot your car gets when its parked on the street, same thing. I think its a novel idea for specific cities, but I don't see the conditions in San Diego warranting the need for this widespread. Maybe in the downtown area and Hill Crest, but that's it. Everywhere else offers enough permanent seating, and without shade, I would not want to be sitting on one of those aluminum cans at 2pm. San Francisco is a mild cooler climate than here, so even its hottest afternoon temp is only our early morning start. Just my two cents.    

    Elmer Walker
    Elmer Walker subscriber

    I'm sure most of the high cost for the Parklet is fees for the City. The city is in the business of making money, not to make the city better for its taxpayers. Greed is everything.

    rhylton subscriber

    @Elmer Walker Elmer my man, tell us who this City person is; this greedy goon who gobbles up all this money at the expense of us citizens.

    bgetzel subscriber

    About 6 years ago, CCDC (before its demise and replacement by Civic San Diego) initiated a program that was to have city staff work with owners of downtown unused open spaces. The program's goal was to have those spaces converted into usable parks or plazas. Two of those identified spaces were those owned by Ralph's (the home of giant planter boxes at the northwest corner of First Ave. and Market Street) and the large unusable space adjoining the fesdreal building (at E Street fron Front to First). Nothing has been done to date to make those spaces pedestrian friendly

    George McGinnis
    George McGinnis

    Parklet or Pedestrian Plaza a rose by any other name is still a rose. They really aren't pedestrian plaza's but extensions of the businesses that sponsor them.  There may be a sign on them saying that they are open to the public but when the business closes all of the seating and tables disappear such as with the pedestrian plaza outside Mama's Bakery. All that is there when the business is closed is a inhospitable space. I think the new rules must require these spaces to actually be hospitable to the public at all hours.